The causes and characteristics of the cerebral palsy disease

CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain.

The causes and characteristics of the cerebral palsy disease

Each type causes specific movement disorders. The types of CP are: It causes stiff muscles and exaggerated reflexes, making it difficult to walk. Many people with spastic CP have walking abnormalitiessuch as crossing their knees or making scissorlike movements with their legs while walking.

The causes and characteristics of the cerebral palsy disease

Muscle weakness and paralysis may also be present. The symptoms can affect the entire body or just one side of the body. Dyskinetic cerebral palsy People with dyskinetic CP have trouble controlling their body movements. The disorder causes involuntary, abnormal movements in the arms, legsand hands.

In some cases, the face and tongue are also affected. The movements can be slow and writhing or rapid and jerky. They can make it difficult for the affected person to walk, sit, swallow, or talk.

Hypotonic cerebral palsy Hypotonic CP causes diminished muscle tone and overly relaxed muscles. The arms and legs move very easily and appear floppy, like a rag doll. Babies with this type of CP have little control over their head and may have trouble breathing.

As they grow older, they may struggle to sit up straight as a result of their weakened muscles. They can also have difficulty speaking, poor reflexes, and walking abnormalities. Ataxic CP is characterized by voluntary muscle movements that often appear disorganized, clumsyor jerky. People with this form of CP usually have problems with balance and coordination.

They may have difficulty walking and performing fine motor functions, such as grasping objects and writing. Mixed cerebral palsy Some people have a combination of symptoms from the different types of CP.

This is called mixed CP. In most cases of mixed CP, people experience a mix of spastic and dyskinetic CP. How is cerebral palsy classified? The system focuses on: Level 1 cerebral palsy Level 1 CP is characterized by being able to walk without limitations.

The causes and characteristics of the cerebral palsy disease

They may need assistive devices, such as leg and arm braces, when first learning to walk. They also may need to use a wheelchair to get around outside of their home.

Level 3 cerebral palsy A person with level 3 CP can sit with little support and stand without any support. They need handheld assistive devices, such as a walker or cane, while walking indoors.

They also need a wheelchair to get around outside of the home. Level 4 cerebral palsy A person with level 4 CP can walk with the use of assistive devices.

Level 5 cerebral palsy A person with level 5 CP needs support to maintain their head and neck position. They need support to sit and stand, and they may be able to control a motorized wheelchair. How is cerebral palsy diagnosed?

A doctor will diagnose CP by taking a complete medical history, performing a physical exam that includes a detailed neurological exam, and evaluating the symptoms.

Additional testing can also be performed: An electroencephalogram EEG is used to evaluate the electrical activity in the brain.

It may be ordered when someone is showing signs of epilepsywhich causes seizures. An MRI scan uses powerful magnets and radio waves to produce detailed images of the brain.Jul 24,  · The term cerebralrefers to the brain; palsy refers to the loss or impairment of motor function. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows the average prevalence of cerebral palsy is children per 1, live births.

What causes . Cerebral Palsy is classified according to the limbs that are affected and the characteristics of the movement disturbance. If both legs are affected, the condition is called Diplegia. If the Cerebral Palsy affects both the arms and the legs, then the condition is termed Quadriplegia.

Signs and symptoms. Cerebral palsy is defined as "a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain.".

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 35% of all children with cerebral palsy will experience seizures. There are different types of seizures, and the symptoms will depend upon what form the child experiences.

Congenital (from birth) cerebral palsy is the result of an injury to the brain during a baby’s development in the womb or during the birth process.

While present at birth, given the nature of a baby’s development, it might not be noticeable for several months. Cerebral palsy, or CP, is a group of disorders that affect balance, movement, and muscle tone. “Cerebral” means the disorder is related to the brain, and “palsy” refers to weakness or a.

Cerebral Palsy - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)