Native american sound instruments essay

Turpin Comanche dancer Hanna Yellowfish, ca. Music, accompanied by singing and dancing, was an important part of Native American ceremonial life. The accounts of early Spanish and French explorers confirm that music was an important part of Native American ceremonial life.

Native american sound instruments essay

Native american sound instruments essay

Anatomy of the Plains Flute and what goes on inside them The renaissance of the Native American flute has centered on the large plains flute.

In academic journals, this style of instrument Native american sound instruments essay described in a number of ways: Although these flutes came in many shapes and sizes, the use of an external block or a wide leather strap for making the whistle is the distinguishing feature with these flutes.

Inside these instruments are two air chambers. The chamber on the right-hand side is the sound chamber, it is important in the pitch of the instrument. A shorter sound chamber produces a higher pitch flute.

The purpose of open finger holes is to shorten the effective length of the sound chamber. Closing the finger holes in the right order will lengthen the effective length of the sound chamber. If there were no finger holes, these instruments would be classified as a whistle.

Between these two chambers is the whistle mechanism, which the external block hides most of its detail.

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Once the block is removed, you see two holes and a shallow channel connecting them. From inside, you can see the two holes and channel connect the two air chambers. Basically as you blow the flute, air flows into the first air chamber and up into the shallow channel. A block strapped on top of the flute, provides a seal over the first hole and channel.

The shallow channel smoothes the air flow and creates a narrow stream of air across the second hole, which is also called the tone hole. Once the air leaves the narrow slit of the channel, it becomes turbulent again.

Actually, it waves up and down like a flag that wave back and forth in the wind. This motion of provides the energy that causes the second air chamber to resonate.

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An alternative to carving the shallow channel is to use a metal spacer with a slot cut out of it. These were common in the early plains flutes.

By sliding the spacer back and forth, one could adjust the sound of the flute. Another approach was to carve or grind file the channel at an angle, which is a lot easier than carving a level channel, and strap on a small strip of metal that acts as the cutting edge of the tone hole.

Again the adjustable cutting edge allowed the sound of the flute to be tweaked. This design resembles those of wooden pipe in old organs, which has made some wonder if there were some western influences in the making of these instruments.

InGeorge Catlin wrote in a letter about the plains flute while visiting the mouth of the Teton River, Upper Missouri: These notes are very irregularly graduated, Alfred Longley Riggs, a missionary, friend, and educator to the Santee Sioux people, who writes in The first is the most common, and much resembles the flageolet.

It is made by taking the sumac--a wood which has the requisite "big-pith"--a straight piece nineteen or twenty inches long, and, when barked and smoothed down, an inch and a quarter in diameter. This is split open in the middle, and the pith and inner wood carefully hollowed out to make a bore of five eighths of an inch diameter, extending through the whole length, except that it grows smaller at the mouth-piece, and at a point four inches below that, it is interrupted entirely by a partition three eighths of an inch thick, which is left to form the whistle.

The halves are glued together. Finger-holes one quarter of an inch in diameter, and usually six in number, are burnt along the upper face. On the same face the whistle is made by cutting a hole three eights of an inch square each side of the partition.

Then, over these, and connecting them, is laid a thin plate of lead, with a slit cut in it, a little more than an inch long and three eights of an inch wide. On top of this is a block of wood, two inches long and three fourths of an inch wide, flat on the bottom, and carved above into rough likeness of a horse; and a deer-skin string binds the whole down tight.

A brass thimble for a mouth-piece, some ribbon streamers, a few lines of carving, and a little red and yellow paint, and the instrument is complete. The pitch of the particular pipe to which this description mainly refers, seems to have been originally A prime, and changed to G prime by boring a seventh hole.

One formerly in my possession was pitched at E flat prime; and from it the airs which are here give were taken down. The second variety of the cho-tan-ka is made of the long bone of the wing or thigh of the swan and crane.

Such flutes, could be blown forcefully with all holes covered while the pitch of the flute would repeatedly jump an octave and then immediately fall an octave.

When first heard, many mistake the warble for a strong vibrato, which it is not. But the warble is a whole other topic, which is covered in another essay.

There is much creativity in flute making, especially in the historic flutes. Five and six hole flutes seemed to be the most common. Some flutes had even more.Nov 25,  · Essay on security peace and unity in nigeria the yoruba sartre dissertation criminals are wicked and deserve punishment essay for swearing the subjection of women essay we are all equal before the law essay writer nats essay writer essay on socrates, over ilt titan dissertation destruction sennacherib poem analysis essay ralph waldo.

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Additionally, Native American music has inspired American music because of instruments used in Americanized music. A song needs music in order to make it officially a song.

A song needs music in order to make it officially a song. Native American Instruments Essay Native American Instruments Drums and rattles are the most common instruments used in Native American music. Other percussion instruments include rasps, bells (usually attached to clothing), and clap-sticks.

Anatomy of the Plains Flute and what goes on inside them. The renaissance of the Native American flute has centered on the large plains flute. In academic journals, this style of instrument is described in a number of ways: “duct flute”, “vertical whistle flute with external block”, and “block flute”.

Music was an important element in the life of Native Americans. It was created through voice and instruments. The combination of voice and sound was quite elaborate and was created to be used for ceremonies, entertainment, relaxation, and healing.

A bit surprising is that Native American, Celtic, Indian stringed-instruments, drums, and flutes are very effective at relaxing the mind even when played moderately loud. Sounds of rain, thunder, and nature sounds may also be relaxing particularly when mixed with other music, such as light jazz, classical (the "largo" movement), and easy.

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