Athenian constitution outline

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Athenian constitution outline

Sketch of Athenian History[ edit ] 1. Condemnation [of the Alcmeonidae]. Purification of the city by Epimenides.

The part of accuser was taken by Myron.

Historical survey

They were found guilty of the sacrilege, and their bodies were cast out of Athenian constitution outline graves and their race banished for evermore. In view of this expiation,2 Epimenides the Cretan performed a purification of the polis. Oligarchical constitution of the country, and miserable economic condition of the populace.

Not only was the constitution at this time oligarchical in every respect, but the poorer classes, men, women, and children, were the serfs of the rich. They were known as Pelatae and also as Hectemori,3 because they cultivated the lands of the rich at the rent thus indicated.

The whole country was in the hands of a few persons, and if the tenants failed to pay their rent they were liable to be haled into slavery, and their children with them.

But the hardest and bitterest part of the constitution in the eyes of the masses was their Athenian constitution outline of serfdom. Not but what they were also discontented with every other feature of their lot; for, to speak generally, they had no part nor share in anything.

Summary of pre-Draconian constitution. Origin of the Archons; duration of their office, and their official residences. Predominant position of the Areopagus as guardian of the constitution. The magistrates were elected according to qualifications of birth and wealth.

At first they governed for life, but subsequently for terms of ten years. The earliest of these offices was that of the King, which existed from ancestral antiquity.

To this was added, secondly, the office of Polemarch, on account of some of the kings proving feeble in war; for it was on this account that Ion5 was invited to accept the post on an occasion of pressing need.

The last of the three offices was that of the Archon, which most authorities state to have come into existence in the time of Medon. Whichever way it be, the difference in date is small; but that it was the last of these magistracies to be created is shown by the fact that the Archon has no part in the ancestral sacrifices, as the King and the Polemarch have, but exclusively in those of later origin.

So it is only at a comparatively late date that the office of Archon has become of great importance, through the dignity conferred by these later additions.

The Thesmothetae7 were appointed many years afterwards, when these offices had already become annual, with the object that they might publicly record all legal decisions, and act as guardians of them with a view to determining the issues between litigants.

Accordingly their office, alone of those which have been mentioned, was never of more than annual duration. Such, then, is the relative chronological precedence of these offices.

At that time the nine Archons did not all live together. The Archon lived in the Prytaneum, the Polemarch in the Epilyceum. The latter building was formerly called the Polemarcheum, but after Epilycus, during his term of office as Polemarch, had rebuilt it and fitted it up, it was called the Epilyceum.

The Thesmothetae occupied the Thesmotheteum.

Slave-owning societies

In the time of Solon, however, they all came together into the Thesmotheteum. They had power to decide cases finally on their own authority, not, as now, merely to hold a preliminary hearing. Such then was the arrangement of the magistracies. The Council of Areopagus had as its constitutionally assigned duty the protection of the laws; but in point of fact it administered the greater and most important part of the government of the state, and inflicted personal punishments and fines summarily upon all who misbehaved themselves.

This was the natural consequence of the facts that the Archons were elected under qualifications of birth and wealth, and that the Areopagus was composed of those who had served as Archons; for which latter reason the membership of the Areopagus is the only office which has continued to be a life-magistracy to the present day.

The constitution of Draco: Qualifications of Archons, Treasurers, Strategi, and Hipparchi. Classification of the population on a property basis.

Position of Areopagus maintained. Now his constitution had the following form. The franchise was given to all who could furnish themselves with a military equipment.

The nine Archons and the Treasurers were elected by this body from persons possessing an unencumbered property of not less than ten minas, the less important officials from those who could furnish themselves with a military equipment, and the generals [Strategi] and commanders of the cavalry [Hipparchi] from those who could show an unencumbered property of not less than a hundred minas, and had children born in lawful wedlock over ten years of age.Maintained: Jon Roland of the Constitution Society Original date: /9/25 — Taking help from Test King prep dumps is the best thing ever happened as ged test online exam prep.

Aristotle: Athenian Constitution ( BCE) Commentary by Michael J. O'Neal, Ph.D. View Essay - Athenian Constitution Outline from HIS at Baruch College, CUNY. The ancient Athenians had used an oligarchic constitution; it was not a good era to be stricken with poverty.

Athenian constitution outline

The. Outline: The Athenian Constitution I. Before Solon A. Loans were made on the security of the person and failure to repay by the due date would result in the borrowers and their family to be liable for seizure.

Athenian democracy - Wikipedia

Athenian Constitution. c. x. Solon’s cancellation of debts, and system of weights and measures. cc. xi., xii. Ten years of party strife. Solon’s poems. (5) cc. xiii.–xix. Tyranny of Peisistratus and his sons. (6) cc. xx.–xxii. Reforms of Cleisthenes. Creation of democracy.

(7) cc. xxiii., xxiv. Supremacy of Areopagus after Persian wars. Publisher's Summary Probably written by a student of Aristotle, The Athenian Constitution is both a history and an analysis of Athens' political machinery between the seventh and fourth centuries BC, which stands as a model of democracy at a time when city-states lived under differing kinds of .

ARISTOTLE, The Athenian Constitution | Loeb Classical Library