See Important Quotations Explained From a drawer in a little alcove hidden from the telescreen, Winston pulls out a small diary he recently purchased. He found the diary in a secondhand store in the proletarian district, where the very poor live relatively unimpeded by Party monitoring. The proles, as they are called, are so impoverished and insignificant that the Party does not consider them a threat to its power. Winston begins to write in his diary, although he realizes that this constitutes an act of rebellion against the Party.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Dangers of Totalitarianism is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government. Having witnessed firsthand the horrific lengths to which totalitarian governments in Spain and Russia would go in order to sustain and increase their power, Orwell designed to sound the alarm in Western nations still unsure about how to approach the rise of communism.
Inthe Cold War had not yet escalated, many American intellectuals supported communism, and the state of diplomacy between democratic and communist nations was highly ambiguous.
In the American press, the Soviet Union was often portrayed as a great moral experiment. Orwell, however, was deeply disturbed by the widespread cruelties and oppressions he observed in communist countries, and seems to have been particularly concerned by the role of technology in enabling oppressive governments to monitor and control their citizens.
InOrwell portrays the perfect totalitarian society, the most extreme realization imaginable of a modern-day government with absolute power. The title of the novel was meant to indicate to its readers in that the story represented a real possibility for the near future: Orwell portrays a state in which government monitors and controls every aspect of human life to the extent that even having a disloyal thought is against the law.
The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party.
The Party also forces individuals to suppress their sexual desires, treating sex as merely a procreative duty whose end is the creation of new Party members. Many of these enemies have been invented by the Party expressly for this purpose. Physical Control In addition to manipulating their minds, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects.
The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty, to the point that, as Winston observes, even a tiny facial twitch could lead to an arrest. The Party forces its members to undergo mass morning exercises called the Physical Jerks, and then to work long, grueling days at government agencies, keeping people in a general state of exhaustion.
After being subjected to weeks of this intense treatment, Winston himself comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it. Control of Information and History The Party controls every source of information, managing and rewriting the content of all newspapers and histories for its own ends.
The Party does not allow individuals to keep records of their past, such as photographs or documents.
As a result, memories become fuzzy and unreliable, and citizens become perfectly willing to believe whatever the Party tells them.
By controlling the present, the Party is able to manipulate the past. And in controlling the past, the Party can justify all of its actions in the present. Technology By means of telescreens and hidden microphones across the city, the Party is able to monitor its members almost all of the time.
Additionally, the Party employs complicated mechanisms was written in the era before computers to exert large-scale control on economic production and sources of information, and fearsome machinery to inflict torture upon those it deems enemies.An Analysis of the 's Character of Winston Smith PAGES 1.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: winston smith, literary character, novel Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Analysis: Chapter I The first few chapters of are devoted to introducing the major characters and themes of the novel. These chapters also acquaint the reader with the harsh and oppressive world in which the novel’s protagonist, Winston Smith, lives.
Big Brother and Emmanuel Goldstein are the conceptual leaders of the opposing forces in Oceania: Big Brother is the titular head of Oceania, and Goldstein is the leader of his opponents, the Brotherhood.
, George Orwell’s bleakly dystopian novel about the dangers of totalitarianism, warns against a world governed by propaganda, surveillance, and r-bridal.com, Orwellian phrases like “Big Brother” and “doublespeak” have become common expressions. Read a character analysis of Winston Smith, plot summary, and important quotes.
In these first chapters of , we meet the main character, Winston Smith, and learn about the totalitarian regime he lives under as a citizen of Airstrip One in Oceania.
Winston lives a harsh and limited life: he is watched at every turn, and forced to submit to the Party in almost every aspect of his existence. In these first chapters of , we meet the main character, Winston Smith, and learn about the totalitarian regime he lives under as a citizen of Airstrip One in Oceania.
Winston lives a harsh and limited life: he is watched at every turn, and forced to submit to the Party in almost every aspect of his existence.